Last Updated December 31, 2000
Chapter 9: 9,10
9:9-10 "The LORD also will be a refuge for the oppressed,
a refuge in times of trouble. And they that know thy name will put their
trust in thee: for thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them that seek thee."
This text focuses on David as he expressed his confidence that regardless
of his circumstance that God stands with him in times of trouble.
This psalm was written out of the wealth of David's experience with
God. It was not theory, or the product of idle speculation. He had experienced
many successes and failures in the course of his life his and findings
were conclusive. As a Shepherd boy he courageously stood before wild animals.
As a young man he stood heroically in front of Goliath. As king he faced
many hostile armies. Each represented what he has described as a "time
of trouble." In his time of trouble he faced all of the challenges as they
came with great confidence and unwavering faith.
The conclusion that David reached is that trouble and misfortune cannot
be avoided. In the 27th psalm he spoke of the "time of trouble" as inevitable.
Rather than expect God to keep trouble away from his door he expected God
to be with him in his time of trouble. David projected that every believer
should expect to be placed in a secure position to deal with trouble, hidden
in the "secret of his Tabernacle" but not expect to be exempt from trouble
itself. This lesson was clearly defined by the experience of Job, a righteous
man who had done nothing wrong, but yet was the victim of death of family
members, poverty and sickness, all caused by the influence of Satan. Yet
in his trouble Job declared "yea though he slay me, yet will I serve him."
David's assurances in these three psalms are that God will be with every
believer in a time of trouble.
The "time of trouble" to which David refers was almost always the result
of Satanic influences. He was hunted as a vagabond because evil thoughts
entered the mind of Saul. He was constantly at war because Satan stirred
the hearts of his enemies to attack and raid on a regular basis. The "times
of trouble" that David referred to were not always of his creation, but
were the result of Satan's using the people and circumstances around him
to cause trouble.
David's conclusion should be that of any believer: when trouble comes,
God will be my refuge and my strength.
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16:11 Thou wilt show me the path of life: in
thy presence is fulness of joy; at thy right hand there are pleasures for
This text focuses on David as he gives "golden" advice
about finding the path to everlasting life.
This psalm has the title "A Mitcham of David." Five
other Psalms have a similar title. There is no conclusive evidence
as to what exactly is meant by 'mitcham'. Many think it refers to
its literal meaning "Write in gold letters," indicating that it is truly
a 'Golden Psalm.'
One of the golden nuggets in this psalm is
in verse 11: "Thou wilt show me the path of life!" This is
the path that man has blindly groped for ever since he has been on earth.
It is a right of way into the presence of God. The singer of
this psalm tells of ONE who has found the way through, presumably a messianic
reference to Christ.
The path of life begins with our inheritance in Him (v5).
David notes that those who would enjoy life to its fullest participate
in the divine inheritance. They consider themselves heirs of the King and
thus see life from the perspective of those who are sons and daughters
of the King of Glory. We are children of God and thus heirs to his
promise made to Abraham. This is the meaning of Galatians 3:29 "And if
ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the
The way of life is within the boundaries. He has
set for us. (Vs.6.). God blessed David, as he does every believer. The
way of life is to know where our blessings end and those of another person's
begin. An awareness of the boundaries of our blessing and its inherent
limitations is a formula for life. Each person has been given gifts
and resources by God. The use of those resources with restraint demonstrates
our faith in him and helps us better walk the path of life.
The way of life depends on guidance deep within.
(Vs.7.). Those who seek the path that leads to life learn to let God guide
them from within. Being led by the spirit is not an empty phrase because
God is a spirit and those that worship him worship him in spirit and in
truth. The way to life is to constantly be guided by the Holy Spirit in
all of our daily affairs.
The way of life is in having a single objective.
(Vs.8) Those who want to find the path to everlasting life must make
finding it the single objective of their lives. They should never
stray from it but pursue it with vigor and a sense of purpose.
The way of life is in joy (Vs.9); even in the face
of death, sickness and hardship. Those who find the path of life face life's
difficulties with a sense of assurance that no matter where the path leads
they will come out in God's hands on the other side. That path leads straight
through death, and hell, and the grave..
Thus, David asks God to show him the path to everlasting
life. He said finding that path would guarantee him a life of joy in the
presence of God and after this life, pleasure, as he sits at the right
hand of God!
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Chapter 24: 9
24:9: "And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the
highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled."
Luke 14:23 "Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting
doors; and the King of glory shall come in."
This text focuses on a parable in which Jesus taught that the kingdom
of God is available to men and women of all walks of life.
This text is one of three of teachings in chapter 14 about the kinds
of people who are invited to the kingdom of God and how they are to be
treated. He had been invited to the home of one of the rulers of the Pharisees
for dinner on the Sabbath. However, he noticed how they struggled among
them for the finest and most important seats at the table. Therefore in
verse 8 he gave the first teaching in which he said persons invited to
a feast should not seek the seats of importance but wait to be seated.
"When ye are invited go and sit down in the lowest place." Doing so, he
said, would save the embarrassment of having to move when someone of more
importance enters. It is better to be asked up than to be asked down. In
verse 12 he makes a second point by noting that those who plan banquets
usually have an invited guests list, including some and excluding others.
However, he said they should invite even those people who are not favored
guests who cannot repay the kindness with reciprocal banquet.
At verse 16 he told a parable that indicated the nature of the people
who are invited into the kingdom of God. A certain man gave a supper and
invited many people, who all, for one reason or the other began to make
excuses for not attending. One said he had just bought a piece of ground
and had to go see it. Another said he had just bought five yoke of oxen
and he had to test them. Another said he was a newlywed and could not come.
Angered at their excuses the master sent out word for his servant to bring
in the poor, maimed, lame and the blind. When that was not enough the master
then ordered that he go into the highways and hedges and compel them to
come in, "that my house may be filled."
Initially the text shows how the opportunity to posses the Kingdom of
God was initially presented to the Jews alone. However, the Jews rejected
its message and it was thereby taken to the entire gentile world, to anyone
who would hear. Secondly, it showed the importance of every person who
comes to the banquet table of the Savior. Whether blind, lame, maim, Jew
or Gentile, each is important and should be treated as such because they
have a special invitation from the master.
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Number 25: 4,5,6,7,8,9
25:4-9 "Show me thy ways, O Lord; teach me thy paths. Lead
me in thy truth, and teach me; for thou art the God of my salvation; on
thee do I wait all the day. Remember, O LORD, thy tender mercies and thy
loving kindnesses; for they have been ever of old.Remember not the sins
of my youth, nor my transgressions: according to thy mercy remember thou
me for thy goodness' sake, O LORD."
This text focuses on King David as he requests God to direct his path,
protect him from his enemies and forgive his shortcomings.
David was a complex character whose personality was a mix bag of faith
in God, occasional irreverence, action, strength, weakness, and conviction.
His faith in God was so great that he is described as a man after God's
own heart. He was described this way, although he once displayed irreverence
by eating the shewbread from the temple and had an adulterous fling with
Uriah's wife. David is described as a "man after God's own heart" because
when his strengths and weaknesses were compared, in balance he arose as
a man whose heart was honest, convictions were strong, and whose path was
The path that David walked had humble beginnings. As a youth he learned
responsibility shepherding his father's flock. He learned to walk courageously
because of the constant prospect of attacks by lions, bears and other creatures.
His was a path that took him along the trail of valor, as he courageously
fought Goliath and won the praise of the people. His path was also a lonely
path. He was hunted by King Saul as if he were a criminal and often hid
himself in the mountains. When almost captured or surrounded in the plains
of life he constantly sought solace with God. In in
Psalm 121 he wrote "I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills from whence
cometh my help my help cometh from the Lord who made the heaven and the
earth." Having walked the path of persecution and victimization, he developed
a keen sensitivity to dangers that await all who must travel that way.
His path was one of humility. Those who study David's life know that there
were times when he took a path that strayed. However, these brief meanderings
were always followed by swift returns to the right path.
Whenever David did wrong it bothered him. This was the occasion in which
he prayed to God Psalm 51:10 "Create in me oh Lord, a clean heart and renew
a right spirit within me." He was aware that he could not adequately set
examples for others, if he himself could not master the spirit of faithfulness.
In Psalm 51:13 he noted that only after he came back to right path himself
could he speak to others from a position of strength. By walking the path
of humility, David proved himself rose even taller in the eyesight of God.
His path was a path of accomplishment. The trail he walked carried him
to great life accomplishments. David made history. He spent most of his
time fighting the enemies of the people. He defeated Goliath as a boy.
He rallied the downcasts, the poor and hopeless of the land and gave them
He championed that cause so greatly that he was named King three times:
once by God, once by Judah and once by Israel. As king his greatest accomplishment
was to fight for the people. In the closing years of his life he had finally
created an atmosphere where the things he wanted to do for God could be
done. He had cooperation, trust and peace. He forged a coalition of trust
with his generals and leaders and set out to build the land.
This text summarizes his life's quest to walk in the right path and
to know the ways of God. Hear his words echoing across the centuries: "Shew
me thy ways, O Lord; teach me thy paths!"
His request of God was that he would forgive his "transgressions," and
judge him by the path he walked.
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Chapter 27: 9
27:9 ...thou hast been my help; leave me not,
neither forsake me, O God of my salvation
This text focuses on the expressions of confidence in God that were
verbalized by David. David's life is a type of the Christian
experience. As a youth he grew up in the fear of the Lord. He sung
his praises in the fields as a shepherd boy, keeping his
father's flocks. He was confident that with God as his guide that the
most ferocious of beasts could not defeat him as he stood to protect his
father's flock. Defeating Goliath was one the great moments of his life
which is remembered as a great example of
faith demonstrated. Like Christians too, David suffered undue persecution.
He was hunted like a criminal and was rejected by
most of those who knew him. He, like Christians, underwent a wilderness
experience in which he found himself seeking safety in the hills and mountains.
Alone there he came to grips with himself and with the mission that God
had in store for him. He
was helped by God to reach high heights and even while there strayed
a time or two from the perfect will of God. He asked for
and received forgiveness for his sins. He is remembered as a man "after
God's own heart."
This 27th Psalm of David is an expression of his confidence
that as long as God remained by his side that no danger, whether
seen or unseen, would destroy him. He felt confident that whatever
problem would arise God would empower him to overcome it and he would arise
victorious. He began this series of confident expressions by noting that
"The Lord is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear?" (v1). David
did not expect to be shielded from trouble, but rather he expected God
to deliver him out of trouble. He wrote in verse 5 "For in the time of
trouble he shall hide me in his pavilion: in the secret of his Tabernacle
shall he hide me..." In verse 9 he looked back over the years and remembered
that God had helped him so many times. The lions and bears that attacked
his father's sheep were just types of the big enemies he would face as
he assumed the leadership of God's people as their king. God helped him
then, he would be successful in this new endeavor as well, as long as God
stayed by his side. David said "thou hast been my help; leave me not, neither
forsake me, O God of my salvation." His confidence is expressed even further
as he pointed out that he expected God's support even when his parents
couldn't come through for him.
David's conclusion as he faced the new challenges of his life
was to face the unknown with courage and confidence. He said he would "wait
on the Lord" (v14) because God would strengthen his heart and empower him
to triumph over any adversity that might come his way.
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Chapter 31: 15
31:15 "My times are in thy hand.."
This text focuses on the truth that regardless of the times, God is
still in control.
David, whose life experiences God used as an example in this text, was
a man of many triumphs but also a man of many troubles. In that sense,
he was a picture of Christ in that he endured difficulty and trouble. There
is a distinction however. Much of David's trouble after he became King
resulted from his own sins. Christ endured difficulty not for his sins
but for those of mankind.
While enduring considerable difficulty himself, David reached out to
God saying "my times" are in thy hand. His circumstance, environment, situation
and burden were not in his hand but were in the hands of God. In such hands
he was safe and secure.
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Chapter 33: 20, 21
33:20-21(TLB) "We depend upon the Lord alone to save us. Only
he can help us; he protects us like a shield. No wonder we are happy in
the Lord! For we are trusting him. We trust his holy name!"
This text focuses on David as he concludes that is better to trust in
the Lord than the implements of men.
The 33rd Psalm is a tribute to the wonderful works of God, which should
give reason for continuous trust and praise by those who believe in him.
Each new and successive year causes new challenges and new opportunities
for believers to demonstrate their faith and for God to show his power.
Each new victory should be complemented with a new song, sung loudly, proudly
and victoriously because it marks the victory God has given his people.
In verse three David notes that we should sing a "new song" for every new
chapter of our existence.
God is worthy of this new round of praise because he made the heavens
and the earth by simply uttering the words (v6). His majesty is displayed
in the universe in ways that constantly display his greatness. He has proven
himself both dependable and consistent even when the devices, philosophies
and counsels of men have proven themselves insufficient (v10-11).
The people who depend upon God and not their own resources are blessed.
They are blessed because their trust has been placed in a dependable source
that will not forsake them. Even the most dependable devices of men have
proven unreliable. In verse 16 he notes that mighty kings, though surrounded
by multitudes of people and soldiers are not invulnerable to attack or
assassination. A king that depends on these devices for his security alone
will find them useless without God.
In verse 17 he notes that though a warrior may go into battle riding
a great war horse, it cannot protect him in battle, either by shielding
him with his great size or by carrying him to safety by its great strength.
The protection comes from the Lord, not from the horse itself.
God keeps a close watch on all those who believe in him and trust in
him. Those who look to God for deliverance and mercy; those who depend
upon him, have the assurance of knowing he can protect them from life threatening
situations and bring them through any hard times that might come (v19).
Therefore David said he would continue to "wait" or "depend" on God
in the present as he has in the past for he has proven himself to be a
shield and a very present help in a time of trouble.
We will rejoice in his great works again because we depended upon him.
He will not let us down, because he is a God that is dependable!
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Chapter 36: 6.7,8,9
36:6-9 "How excellent is thy lovingkindness, O God! therefore
the children of men put their trust undeer the shadow of thy wings. They
shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt
make them drink of the river of thy pleasures. For with thee is the fountain
of life: in thy light shall we see light."
This text focuses on David explaining the reason believers trust in
The keys that unlock the wisdom of David's words lie in several of its
How Excellent: Excellent is the translation of Hebrew word "yaqar" which
also means valuable and costly. In this context the word "excellent" describes
the nature of God with respect to caring for the believer. The quality
of his care, if translated into monetary terms would be invaluable and
Loving kindness: Loving kindness is the English translation of the Hebrew
word "Checed" which also means mercy, good deeds, kindness and favor. On
some occasions "Checed" is even used to mean "reproof." The good deeds
that God performs are often heralded as examples of his loving kindness.
The many acts of mercy, answered prayers and other considerations shown
believers are generally listed as indicators of the lovingkindness of God.
However, there are times when believers go astray and endanger themselves
both spiritually or physically. In these times God often reproofs us. However,
if these rebukes are necessary, they too are described as a part of God's
Trust: From the word "chacah" which also means, "confide in" and "seek
refuge in", and "hope in", the meaning of trust is reflected in all three
of the common uses. To trust God is to feel comfortable sharing intimacies
with him. These intimacies are of such that they can be shared without
fear that they will ever be divulged. To trust God is also to seek refuge,
escape and protection in him. He will protect believers that seek his help
and provide for them a place of consideration. To trust God is also to
continuously hope for better days and better conditions. This hope is based
on faith that God will always do what is good, just and right for the believer.
David notes that the believer who trusts God will always be satisfied.
The term used for satisfied is "ravah" which also means abundantly, or
saturated or drunk. Trusting God does not always result in riches, fame
or glory. However, trusting God does result in a deep satisfaction with
oneself and with life. That sense of satisfaction can only come from God.
We are promised to be "drunk" with satisfaction, fully saturated or drowned
When God says trust me he asks believers to place their confidence,
hope and faith in him. In return he promises that their satisfaction will
be higher than they ever expected.
David's 36th Psalm is one which encourages believers to continue trusting
God who continuously blesses mankind with everything that is good and meaningful.
In verses one through four he lays out the lifestyle of the ungodly: wild,
deceitful and wicked. The ungodly spend their lives wastefully, as if there
were no God and no judgment. His mouth is filled with evil words and his
thoughts filled with evil deceptions.
When the wicked are sleep at night they dream of the wicked things they
will act upon when they awake. The wicked set themselves on a path that
is not good. The idea of God as the fountain of life and the source of
all lasting happiness and peace is used several times in scripture. In
Jeremiah 2:13 the people are chastised for seeking their own fountains
of life: "For My people have committed two evils: They have forsaken Me,
The fountain of living waters, To hew for themselves cisterns, Broken cisterns
that can hold no water." The people sought vainly to find ways provide
happiness, joy and life without God. They spent their substance and time
seeking after it. But their efforts were vain and futile because each time
they came close to finding this fountain of life outside of God, it disappeared.
Their efforts were like water barrels filled with holes. It left them thirsty
and empty. In contrast, David shows the attitude of believers in verses
five through 12.
David praises the magnificence of God. He praises God's providence.
He praises God's benevolence. The believer is blessed to constantly drink
from God's fountain which provides the essence of things that make life
beautiful, pleasant, comfortable and joyful. In the middle of his troubles
Job saw this fountain and chastised his critics by saying, "He does not
look at the streams, The rivers flowing with honey and curds." Job 20:17.
In Psalm 46:4 David projects that this fountain of God's blessing flows
through the hearts of believers. He said "There is a river whose streams
make glad the city of God, The holy dwelling places of the Most High."
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Chapter 37: 3,4,5
37:3-5: Trust in the LORD, and do good; so shalt thou dwell
in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed. Delight thyself also in the
LORD; and he shall give thee the desires of thine heart. Commit thy way
unto the LORD; trust also in him; and he shall bring it to pass.
While the law of Moses told Israel not to put their trust in witches
and fortunes and other forms of evil, the text of Psalm 37 encourages every
believer to trust in God, wholly and completely. The Psalm begins by warning
believers not to be influenced by those who practice evil. Their methods
appear correct, but soon they will be destroyed.
Believers are encouraged to trust in God for their food, protection
and the desires of their heart. Trusting God, means placing in God that
whatever he does is in their best interest. In this context Israel underwent
considerable difficulty never losing hope that God would restore them to
their homeland. They were encouraged to trust God and to commit their way
to him, rather than search for the answers they wanted to hear from fortune
tellers and magicians and witches.
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Chapter 39: 4
39:4 : “LORD, make me to know mine end,
and the measure of my days, what it is; that I may know how frail I am”
The 39th Psalm paints a picture of a quiet elderly saint,
who had lived a measured life.
The psalm, written by David, is a testimony of a good
life lived before God. It is a picture of the mature saint who has learned
to measure days and remain at peace despite the storms of life that rage.
Though enemies surround the saint and troubles appear
on every hand, David said in verse two, "I was dumb with silence, I held
my peace." The quiet saint David described was sometimes difficult
to measure for the quiet saint was silent even in good times, praising
God within, and occasionally a show of expression gave a hint to the fire
that burned on the inside.
The quiet saint referred to was David himself, who had
earned the right to speak in retrospect. God had been good to him and opened
many doors for him. There were times when he could have spoken out against
enemies but held his peace. On other occasions he could have lifted a hand
against his adversaries, but he remained silent. Then in his senior years,
David recognized that his life was measured. In verse five he notes, "Behold
thou has made my days as a handbreath." that is, they are short and easily
measured. A hand breadth is the amount of space that one hand covers, minus
the thumb. Like the four seasons, of spring, summer, autumn and winter,
his life is but a hand breath.
The measured life is one that recognizes the omnipotence
of God in every respect. It is measured in hand breaths of spiritual qualities
that indicate the nature of one's spiritual walk, including faith, humility,
service and salvation. These four mark the measure of the saved life.
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Chapter 40: 2,3
40:2-3" He brought me up also out of an horrible pit, out
of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a rock, and established my goings.And
he hath put a new song in my mouth, even praise unto our God: many shall
see it, and fear, and shall trust in the LORD.
This text focuses on David as he explains the joys of his relationship
David lived a life that is best described as a spiritual roller coaster,
complete with times of great faith and spiritual strength and other times
of great weakness. Here he looks intently upon the way that God caught
him at one of the weak moments in his life and lifted him to a new and
The allegory used in this text is that of a mud filled pit and rock.
In describing his spiritual state David said he had been in a horrible
pit. In today's context, "horrible" connotes scary, insufferable, or terrifying.
Today "horrible" suggest imminent danger and the presence of pain and suffering.
However, a closer look at the word "horrible" in this passage reveals that
it had an additional meaning in this specific instance, which was "noisy"
or "confusion." The descriptive term preceding "pit" therefore suggests
that David was in a pit of confusion, hearing the noise of many voices..The
result of this confusion is great fear, which is the root cause of horror.
Moreover, the situation was further complicated because not only was
he in a confused state, but his was standing in "miry" clay. "Miry" is
distinguished from regular clay because the term "miry" means "dregs" or
"muddy." His spiritual state had deteriorated to a point of reaching the
"dregs." He was standing in the mud of life. It was unsure, unsafe and
A third allegory is that of a rock.
David said his feet were placed upon a rock. There is no descriptive
adjective preceding "rock" because it is not necessary. The meaning is
in the word itself. Rock, in this context, is the Hebrew word "Cela" which
means a high or lofty place. A fortress. David said God set his feet upon
a rock. It is important to note that the rock upon which he stood was not
in the mud, or in the pit, but it was outside the pit. In fact, it was
high above the pit. In his struggle to get out of the pit, his feet did
not find a rock in the middle of the mud. He was lifted out of his circumstance
by a power outside the confusion and mud of the pit.
Thus David stood at a point in his life where he was confused by different
voices or noises, caught in the dregs and mud of life. From this circumstance
God lifted him to a new and joyous life, high above the pit and the mud.
This experience gave him a new song to sing. It is a great testimony to
the goodness of God because those who see it will know that it comes direct
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Number 42: 10, 11
42:10-11:"As with a sword in my bones, mine enemies reproach
me; while they say daily unto me, Where is thy God? Why art thou cast down,
O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope thou in God: for
I shall yet praise him, who is the health of my countenance, and my God."
This text is extracted from a Psalm of David given to the sons of Korah
to sing in worship.
David often reflected upon the goodness of God and wrote his divinely
inspired reflections in songs or Psalms. Two sets of his psalms were given
to the Sons of Korah, a special family of Levites that concentrated on
the singing ministry. Although there is debate as to the particulars, generally
Psalm 42-49; and 84-89 are viewed as being those given to the sons of Korah.
Korah led a faction that rebelled against Moses in the book of Numbers.
All of his descendants except a small few were killed. These sons of Korah,
despite the rebellious nature of their ancestors dedicated themselves to
David gave them this 42nd psalm to set to music. It was written during
a period of distress when he did not have access to the house of worship.
Many believe that it was written during the persecution period when King
Saul hunted him.
In this psalm he referred to how his soul longed to be in the house
of God one more time. In verse 2 he spoke of thirsting for God and yearning
after his presence. He continues that thought through verse 4 where he
speaks fondly of times when he was able to be with the multitudes that
While being separated from God and possibly hunted, his enemies constantly
surrounded him with biting comments asking him "where is thy God." In verse
10 he noted that daily he was criticized by skeptics whose words were like
a sword in his bones. They constantly asked, "Where is they god?"
You sang "There is my shepherd, I shall not want!" Where is thy God?
You sang "I will life up my eyes unto the hills from whence cometh my
help" Where is thy God?
You sang "The Lord is my light and my salvation, whom shall I fear?"
Where is thy God?
David said the words of his critics surrounded him. His soul reached
a low point. However in verse 11 he came to himself and became spiritually
alive as he remembered the power of God.
He asked himself "why am I disquieted" or anxious or uneasy? Others
may have questions about God's whereabouts and give up hope when circumstances
are troublesome, but not the faithful. The faithful live in continuous
hope, knowing that God is not far away.
He resolved that he should continue to hope and trust in the Lord who
is the health of his countenance, or the reason for his upward climb in
life. Despite the critics he would cling to God as the author and finisher
of his faith.
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Book 72: 17, 18
72:17-18: "His name shall endure for ever: his name shall
be continued as long as the sun: and men shall be blessed in him: all nations
shall call him blessed. Blessed be the LORD God, the God of Israel, who
only doeth wondrous things."
This text considers David as he speaks of the wonderful works of God
that deserve continuous uninterrupted praise.
David, in an inaugural style psalm, tells his son Solomon the importance
of continuous praise and service to God for he is worthy of praise. In
a Messianic phrase that begins at verse two and ends at close of the psalm,
David testifies to the greatness of God and to the beauty of Christ's reign
as the Messianic Lord.
In verse 17, which is the focus of this text, David said our Lord's
name will endure forever and his name "shall be continued!" The Hebrew
word used for continued is NUWN (Noon) which means to re-sprout or shoot
out repeatedly! The indication is that there will be times when circumstances
will attempt to eliminate his name from the face of the earth, but regardless
to what is done it will continuously re-sprout and shoot out again. Men
will continuously be blessed by him.
Locked into the meaning of this simple phrase "shall be continued" was
the secret of David's success as King, which he was passing on to his son.
In his own life there had been moments when he was brought low, both in
the eyes of men and in his own eyes. Despite his circumstance, David continued
to re-sprout in his praise to God. When he was hunted by Saul. He found
safety only in the hills. Prompting him to write "I will lift up mine eyes
unto the hills, from whence cometh my help, my help cometh from the Lord
who made the heaven and the earth." Despite being hunted as a vagabond,
David re-sprouted and praised God more. When he was caught up in sin with
Bathsheba and reached a low moral point in his life, he reached another
low point. Here again, re-sprouted and saying "restore unto me the joy
of thy salvation, and renew in me a right spirit!" When his son was ill,
he reached such a low point that he covered himself in ashes and sat in
mourning every day, tears flowing from his eyes. However, once his son
died, he arose, washed himself and re-sprouted, continuing his duties.
Those who did not understand him wondered how this could be so. He responded
by saying when there was hope that the child might live he mourned, but
once God acted there was no reason to mourn. "I can go to him, but he cannot
come to me."
In these contexts David's life was the epitome of re-sprouting and continuously
giving God praise. This quality is what he hoped to give his son Solomon
who would follow him on the thrown. This is the quality that faced each
hardship, setback and letdown with a notation "to be continued" or "I shall
return." It is an attitude molded and shaped by a lifetime of trusting
and believing in God.
David said God would be praised continuously by the faithful, we would
be retarded in the movement but would re-sprout to praise the Lord as long
as there is a sun in the sky. Why will this happen? Because God only does
wondrous things and those who believe in him know this truth and place
trust in him continuously, despite their circumstance.
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86:1-7: Bow down thine ear, O LORD,
hear me: for I am poor and needy. Preserve my soul; for I am holy: O thou
my God, save thy servant that trusteth in thee.Be merciful unto me, O Lord:
for I cry unto thee daily. Rejoice the soul of thy servant: for unto
thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul. For thou, Lord, art good, and ready
to forgive; and plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee.Give
ear, O LORD, unto my prayer; and attend to the voice of my supplicati ons.
In the day of my trouble I will call upon thee: for thou wilt answer me.
This text focuses on David as he speaks to God concerning the
desires of his heart.
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The Psalms are unique expressions of prayer and praise
that reflect the thoughts of the mind and the meditations of the heart.
Most of the psalms are David's work. God gave him the gift of capturing
the emotions of his full life's varied experiences and putting them in
beautiful lyrical terms.
These became the psalm book or hymn book of Israel. Many
of these psalms were written to be sung in public. They are often prefaced
by the title, "To the chief choirmaster" or "To the choirmaster, " and
in some of our Bibles is the word "Maskil" which is simply the Hebrew word
for "psalm." You may be interested to know that one psalm, Psalm 90, was
written by Moses, and two were composed by King Solomon. Still others were
written by a nameless group called the sons of Korah who were especially
charged with leading the singing of Israel. Also, a man named Asaph wrote
many of the psalms, and even good King Hezekiah wrote ten of them. As you
look into the book of Psalms, you can see that in many cases the titles
refer to the author
This section of the Psalm, Psalm 73 through Psalm 89,
focuses on the discovery of what God is like when man comes before
him and what he himself is like in the presence of God. It is the
book that reveals the inner workings of man's heart: we see his need, his
deep consciousness of his own sin, and the discovery of what God offers
to do about it. They represent pattern of thought from psalms, 73
through 89, that shows man's awareness of God's judgment in the inner heart.
Psalm 78 is a record of God's unbending love: although God loves man, he
will never let him get away with anything. He never compromises, he never
bends; he gives in to man's plea for mercy, but is absolutely relentless
in cutting away sin. Then, when man is ready to acknowledge his sin, and
to agree with God's judgment concerning sin, God deals with him in love.
Psalm 81 describes the new strength that God offers man, and Psalm 84 wonderfully
portrays the continuous provision that God offers us.
David uses many musical devices to accomplish the goal of setting
his meditations to God to music. One of the devices is the use of the phrase
"O Lord!" Throughout the Psalms the phrase is used to express a variety
of feelings that range from happiness to sadness, from courage to fear.
Much of the Old Testament uses this phrase similarly. With the exception
of references in the Book of Revelation, the New Testament almost solely
uses the phrase associated with "pleas for mercy."
Regardless of the context, the phrase "O Lord" was an announcement
of expectation. Even if it was included in a plea for mercy or a recitation
of an uncomfortable circumstance, it was bursting with hope. In some contexts
it may appear an expression of pessimism, however it later proved that
it was an expression of current conditions but also an expression of anticipation.
There are five "O's" in the first seven verse of the 86 Psalm
alone. Each accompany an independent plea for help, mercy and gratitude.
They are cheerful, expectant and full of gladness. They reflect the make
up of the "O's" throughout the bible. Those who use them never cease to
have faith that God will help them triumph over any circumstance.
Book 88: 12, 13, 14
88:12-14"Shall thy wonders be known in the dark? and thy righteousness
in the land of forgetfulness? But unto thee have I cried, O LORD; and in
the morning shall my prayer prevent thee. LORD, why castest thou off my
soul? why hidest thou thy face from me? "
The 88th Psalm of David, is rarely read or referenced. While most of
the Psalms are inspirational in nature, the 88th Psalm is solemn. It was
written at time when David was at a spiritual low. He had suffered emotionally
and possibly physically. He felt himself sinking in the sea of life. At
best, he was struggling to keep his head above water.
This psalm presents the believer who is struggling to make it through
the night but has lost hope, in the midst of the darkness, that God would
deliver him. No where in this psalm does David indicate that he believes
God will help him make through this dark period. It is only filled with
expressions of difficulty for the troubles he faced. In verse 12 he asks
the question, "shall thy wonders be known in the dark?"
He gives a continuous litany of dismay and hopelessness that recites
his afflictions and difficulty. The 88th psalm is a striking contrast to
the other Psalms. They express hope, joy and faith that God responds in
a time of trouble. The other 149 psalms always strike a chord of hope that
despite the darkness, God is able.
This psalm represents those occasional moments, when even strong believers
find themselves distracted from the faith. In verse 15 David says he had
been dealing with one affliction, trouble or another since his youth. Now
he is distracted or unfocused. He wants to believe differently but can't.
He wants to get back on track but finds it difficult.
It is described as the saddest of the psalms because it presents a picture
of a strong believer who is down in the dumps and can't see his way out!
It represents those times when normally strong believers are weak; when
the highly visible become invisible; when the intensely active become inactive.
It is a time when a believer is overcome by the dark!
David did not stay in his depressed condition, but the psalm suggests
that all believers can reach such a point. They are restored when they,
like David,ask God to renew a right spirit within them.
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Number 92: 1
92:1 It is a good thing to give thanks unto the Lord and to
sing praises unto thy name.
David, the writer of this 92nd Psalms suggests 92:2 that the reason
that we sing should be that we want to show God's loving kindness to us
both in the morning and in the night.
David suggests that there are three reasons we should sing!
Because We Are Happy. In verse four he says we should sing because we
are happy! Because we know the joy of the Lord in our lives.
Because We Will Triumph
Secondly, we should sing because we will triumph in the works of our
hands. During the course of life most of us have something that we hope
to achieve before we go to be with God! There are lessons we want prepare
our children, grand children and god children, to provide for themselves.
We want to leave a legacy behind us that testifies to a life well spent!
We want to live to a ripe old age with a reasonable portion of health and
Those who sing, in the privacy of their homes, in the church choir,
or while they drive their automobiles, do so because they know that the
victory has already been declared! They know they have already won!
Because of God's Great Works
Thirdly, we should sing because of the great works of the Lord!
When we think about how good God has been good to us we can't help but
to lift our voices in song.
Number 105: 1
105:1 David, the author of the text verse,
had many reasons to give thanks to God.
He had risen from a mere shepherd boy to a national hero after the slaying
of Goliath and in his adult years he had risen to become the king of Israel.
Along the way, he sinned, was stricken with disease and was told that the
one big dream of his life: to build a temple for the Lord would not be
done in his life time.
When David made an assessment of his life he concluded that he had much
to be thankful for and he penned, under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost,
this 105th Psalm. In verse 5 David suggests that those who think they have
little to be thankful for, should "remember his marvelous works that he
hath done: his wonders and the judgments of his mouth." David's admonition
to Israel is that it consider the source of its blessings and remember,
His plea is summed up in the little rhyme: "When drinking from the stream
remember the spring." The stream is the constant flow of blessings that
we receive every day, but the spring is the bubbling source that feeds
the stream that we drink from daily." God is the source of all our blessings
although they may have traveled a great distance and rounded many meandered
corners to make their arrival within our grasp.
106:1,2 Praise ye the LORD. O give thanks unto
the LORD; for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever.
This text focuses on David as he recounts the
ways that God blessed Israel, despite themselves, prompting him to conclude
that God is deserving of thanks and praise.
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Generally, the 106th Psalm is a historical
narrative of the many ways that God blessed Israel despite their own stubbornness
and tendency toward unfaithfulness and sin. It recounts God's blessings
from the point of their liberation from Egypt to their arrival in the promised
land. As their national history is recounted, their own flawed experience
is revealed and God's charity and mercy is seen clearly.
Beginning at verse 7 David began the recount.
He noted how God blessed Israel in Egypt, even though the people did not
clearly understand the various ways that God was dealing with them in their
experience. The phrases, "understood not" and "remembered not" are given
as the reason for their constant frustration.
David's recounting of God's action, looking
at each one slowly and meticulously, revealed what the people could not
understand and did not remember. It showed that in moments when they felt
God had forsakened or abandoned them, God was actually blessing them. At
the Red Sea, for example, it appeared that God had brought them out of
Egypt to allow them to die at the hands of the Egyptians. They did not
understand how God works. Even when God opened the Red Sea and they crossed
on dry land, they still did not understand completely how God was blessing
They complained that God was helping their enemies
to triumph over them, until the recount. However, at verse 10, after the
recount they saw how God defended their cause and defeated their enemies.
As they wandered in the wilderness, they couldn't
see how that was a blessing, until they recounted it! After the recount
they realized that God was preparing them as a nation for a greater blessing
that was to come.
When they had no food, they complained that God
had forsaken them. After the recount, they remembered how God provided
both bread and meat for them in midst of their wilderness experience.
In the process of recounting, they saw some
things they didn't like about themselves, which increased the importance
of God's blessings in their own sight. Verses 13 and 14 show how the people
soon forgot about God and lusted after their own pursuits in the wilderness.
When they considered their own stubbornness, then they realized what a
blessing God had bestowed upon them, despite themselves.
Verses 21-22 make it abundantly clear that
the people rushed to judge God without counting the great things
he did for them in Egypt, such as providing protection for them in the
Land of Goshen where their crops grew and the terrain was protected for
plagues, drought or pestilences. Many among them only saw the fact that
they were slaves. They did not count how God blessed and sustained them
despite their servitude. Many saw the Red Sea as a stumbling block against
the success, but not how God acted at the Red Sea. Many saw the high, walled
cities of the Promised land, but did not count how God made those walls
come tumbling down.
Verse 43 sums up a litany of instances in
which God blessed the people, but they provoked him by ignoring him and
plunging into iniquity.
When the final count was complete in verse
48, David declared, "Bless be the Lord God of Israel from Everlasting to
Everlasting. Let all the people said Amen. Praise the Lord!"
Book 107: 2,3,4,5,6
107:2-6 Let the redeemed of the LORD say so, whom he hath
redeemed from the hand of the enemy; And gathered them out of the lands,
from the east, and from the west, from the north, and from the south.They
wandered in the wilderness in a solitary way; they found no city to dwell
in.Hungry and thirsty, their soul fainted in them.Then they cried unto
the LORD in their trouble, and he delivered them out of their distresses."
This text focuses on David as he advises those who have been redeemed
by God to express it in their lives.
This psalm is part of a trilogy of psalms which extoll the greatness
of God and demonstrate his mercies. This Psalms simply speaks of how good
God has been to Israel and how praising him for his goodness is a natural
This Psalm is best appreciated in good times. It is anachronistic in
its approach. That it is, it telescopes its focus over both recent and
distant history and catalogs all that God has done as evidence of his goodness.
The catalog of merciful deeds is the foundation and reason given why God
should be praised. Unlike other Psalms, such as 121, which are read best
in times of trouble, or 37 which is read best when trouble by the presence
of evil and doubt, this Psalm is celebratory in that it celebrates the
goodness of God.
Verse two of this text summarizes the theme of the trilogy: "Let the
redeemed of the Lord, Say So!" It characterizes the good deeds that God
has done in our lives as worthy of acknowledgement.
As if Israel needed a reminder David takes the time to retell Israel's
story. He described their lives as a wandering nation of nomads, fresh
from slavery and ignorant to the demands of life and survival. They wandered
from place to place for 40 years and found no city in which to rest, no
new clothing for the backs and no supply of food and water that was not
provided by the hand of God directly.
When they hungered and thirst, they cried unto God and he provided their
needs. He sustained them and protected them against enemies and against
themselves. In their distress, they called upon him and he answered them
by becoming their refuge and their strength.
David further recounts that after they wandered for 40 years following
their own way and failed to reach the promised land how he took them by
the hand and led them the "right way."
In verse eight he sums up the reason that men should "Say So!" They
should "say so" because of his "wonderful works to the children of men."
Thus the Israel of Old Testament times had a reason to show forth the
goodness of God intertwined into their national fabric. He brought them
from slavery to the promised land and presided over the conquering efforts
to claim the land of promise.
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116:7-9 :Return unto thy rest,
O my soul; for the LORD hath dealt bountifully with thee. For thou hast
delivered my soul from death, mine eyes from tears, and my feet from falling.
I will walk before the LORD in the land of the living."
Here, David as he reflects upon the bounty that God has given
him both materially and spiritually.
This Psalm was written during a period in which the entire nation
of Israel was celebrating a period of thanksgiving for the return of the
Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem. The Ark of the Covenant had great significance
to Israel. It was a golden box, elaborately designed to represent the presence
of God in the nation. It contained the original ten commandments carved
in stone and a pot of manna which Israel survived upon in the wilderness
for 40 years. For the nation of Israel the Ark was so important that wars
were fought to protect it, retain it or get it returned.
The enemies of Israel stole the Ark on many occasions.
The ark was captured by the Philistines (1 Sam. 4). When the stolen Ark
came to rest in the cities of Ashdod, Gath, and Ekron the enemies of Israel
came to fear it because they were plagued with disease, sickness and death
because of its captured presence. The Lord vanquished Dagon and spread
bubonic plagues among them until they eventually returned the Ark to Israel.
Once the Ark was returned to Israel David attempted
to bring it back to Jerusalem but was stricken with fear when of the son's
of Abinadad touched and dropped dead. David hid the ark in the home of
a friend for three months. When he learned that the friend had been blessed
because of the Ark's presence he had it brought back to Jerusalem.
A national Thanksgiving celebration was underway
as David came home to give thanks to God for the return of the Ark and
for all his mercies shown to the people. He asked at verse 12 "What shall
I render unto the Lord for all his benefits toward me?" At verse 17 he
responds " I will offer to thee the sacrifice of thanksgiving and will
call upon the name of the Lord."
The three sections of this text serve as an
outline for David's life, especially when viewed in reverse order.
Psalm 116:9: "I will walk before the Lord
in the land of the living," notes David's resolve to walk before God while
he has health and strength.
Psalm 116:8 "For thou hast delivered by soul...";
notes the point in which God forgive David for his spiritual indiscretions,
and calmed his fears and guided his footsteps during the course of his
Psalm 116:7 "For thou has dealt bountifully
with thee," finds David responding to the success God gave him in
life. Starting from a lowly existence and rising to a position of prominence.
Finally David notes that such a soul can return
and be at rest. The initial statement of the passage, is a summary of his
spiritual journey. He had reached a point in which he was spiritually at
rest having lived and achieved. He gave thanks to God for being at peace
with himself and with God.
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Book 137: 4
137:4 How shall we sing the Lord's Songs in a strange land?
Our text finds the children of Israel a long ways from home. They had
been captured by the Babylonians and carried into slavery. Quartered between
the rivers of Chebar and Ulai they spent most of their days in mourning
and in despair over the destruction of Jerusalem.
This 137 Psalm describes their anguish. It describes their despair and
it describes their loneliness for home. They had reached a point so low
in their spirits that they had hung their harps upon the weeping willow
trees as a symbolic gesture that even their harps were too sad to bring
forth a joyful note.
These harps were those that rejoiced in melodies... Saul has killed
his thousands, but David his 10,000. These harps, that extolled in the
149th Psalm "Sing unto the Lord a new song."
These harps, which echoed in the 138th Psalm "I will praise thee with
my whole heart before the gods will I sing praise unto thee.."
These harps, which reverberated in the 124th Psalm "If it had not been
for the Lord on our side..."
These harps, now lay silently on the willow trees. Israel could not
sing the Lord's song in babylon for a number of reasons.
There were those who could not sing because they were homesick. The
social conditions around them had changed.
The familiar customs and synagogue faces to which they had become acquainted
over the years had changed. Things simply were not like they used to be...they
were in a strange land, and found it difficult to sing because they were
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139:1-4: ".. thou hast searched me,
and known me. Thou knowest my down sitting and mine uprising, thou understandest
my thought afar off. Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art
acquainted with all my ways.For there is not a word in my tongue, but,
lo, O LORD, thou knowest it altogether."
This text focuses on David as he explains how God's understanding is
Psalm 139 is the last of five Psalms that offer thanks to God for being
a wonderful presence in the life of the believer. David expressed that
in every walk of life that God is present and knowledgeable of what we
do and say. The main theme of Psalm 139 is the fact that always understands
everything there is to understand about us. He knows the thoughts of our
minds before we think them. He also knows every word spoken from our lips
or conceived in our hearts. Geography and language are natural barriers
that prohibit man from progressing but they do not hinder God. There is
never an instance when God cannot understand us.
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